Posts Tagged ‘shell scripting’

Limited Shell

August 2, 2011 2 comments

we want to limit the activities or command to run for specific user then, how to limit a shell? here are the steps to create limited shell.

Add a user who can execute some specific commands.

1. Create a link named ‘rbash’ from bash.

[root@divyajyot ~]# ln -s /bin/bash /opt/rbash

2. Add a user that his default shell is rbash and set he can execute only ‘ping’.

[root@divyajyot ~]# useradd lsuser -s /opt/rbash
[root@divyajyot ~]# passwd lsuser
[root@divyajyot ~]# mkdir /home/lsuser/bin
[root@divyajyot ~]# ln -s /bin/ping /home/lsuser/bin/ping
[root@divyajyot ~]# chown root. /home/lsuser/.bash_profile
[root@divyajyot ~]# chmod 755 /home/lsuser/.bash_profile
[root@divyajyot ~]# vi /home/lsuser/.bash_profile

  # change PATH like follows
  PATH= $HOME/bin

3. Login with the test user.

[lsuser@divyajyot ~]$ cd
-rbash: cd: restricted # denied
[lsuser@divyajyot ~]$ ls
-rbash: ls: command not found # none
[lsuser@divyajyot ~]$ ping localhost
PING localhost ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.045 ms
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.008 ms
64 bytes from localhost ( icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.008 ms

— localhost ping statistics —
3 packets transmitted, 3 received, 0% packet loss, time 2157ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.008/0.020/0.045/0.017 ms  # executed